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New book reveals the stunning diversity of Britain’s mosques

New book reveals the stunning diversity of Britain's mosques

A new book released recently has stunning photos which reveal the fascinating diversity of Britain’s 1,500 mosques, reports Daily Mail.

The places of worship range from humble house conversions for small groups to grand and magnificent purpose-built structures which can accommodate thousands.

The breathtaking collection of photos are documented in a book by architect Shahed Saleem who has designed mosques in Hackney, east London, and in Aberdeen, Scotland.

The book, which showcases mosques old and new, is the first to detail an overview of Islamic architecture in Britain and is titled ‘The British Mosque’.  

The first recorded mosque in Britain was established in a Georgian terraced house in Liverpool in 1889.

It was not founded by Muslim immigrants but rather by a group of 20 English converts to Islam led by a local lawyer named Abdullah William Quilliam.

The book, titled The British Mosque, is authored by architect Shahed Saleem. Pictured is the Aziziye Mosque in Hackney, east London. It actually started life as a cinema, which it remained for 70 years, despite a series of name changes. It first opened in 1913 as the Apollo Picture House, was reopened in 1933 as the Ambassador Cinema and from 1974 played martial arts films and softcore sex films as the Astra Cinema, before closing in 1983. The mosque was funded by the UK Turkish Islamic Association

This beautiful structure wouldn't look out of place in Asia but it is actually in Woking, Surrey. It was the first permanent, purpose-built mosque in Britain and is called the Shah Jahan Mosque. It was completed in 1889 and was founded by Dr Gottlieb Leitner, a Hungarian scholar who had recently retired as the first Registrar of the University of the Punjab in Lahore

Pictured is the front of the Shah Jahan Mosque. The mosque became the first formal place of Islamic worship in England. Queen Victoria's Indian servants and her Indian secretary, Abdul Karim, used the mosque when the Queen visited Windsor Castle. The popularity of the mosque has waxed and waned since it first opened in 1889.

The ceiling of the Shah Jahan Mosque. Author Mr Saleem said: 'This book is a testament to that pioneer generation - post-war Muslim immigrants, mostly from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, who battled poverty, exclusion and racism, and through decades of sheer persistence, inventiveness and determination succeeded in establishing a Muslim social and religious infrastructure in Britain.'

The new book showcases the stunning range of mosques in Britain, the first comprehensive guide of its kind. Pictured is the huge Ghamkol Shareef Mosque in Birmingham. The mosque was opened in 1996 and can hold 6,000 worshippers at full capacity. Construction of the mosque began on 15 March 1992 during the holy Islamic month of Ramadan.

There are 15,000 mosques in Britain and the new book highlights a number of them. Pictured is the huge prayer hall of the Birmingham Central Mosque. It is one of the earliest purpose-built mosques in Britain. After initially raising money to lay the foundations of the mosque, funds ran dry. The mosque trustees went to local businesses ― both Muslim and non-Muslim ― for donations. Money was raised to pay for the building and completion of the mosque in 1969. It was officially opened in 1975There are 15,000 mosques in Britain and the new book highlights a number of them. Pictured is the huge prayer hall of the Birmingham Central Mosque. It is one of the earliest purpose-built mosques in Britain. After initially raising money to lay the foundations of the mosque, funds ran dry. The mosque trustees went to local businesses ― both Muslim and non-Muslim ― for donations. Money was raised to pay for the building and completion of the mosque in 1969. It was officially opened in 1975.

A number of Britain's mosques are converted from former churches. Pictured is the prayer hall of the Didsbury Mosque in Manchester. The building was originally the 'Albert Park Methodist Chapel', which opened for worship in 1883 but in 1962 the chapel closed and was later converted into a mosque. It has an attendance of around 1,000 people.A number of Britain’s mosques are converted from former churches. Pictured is the prayer hall of the Didsbury Mosque in Manchester. The building was originally the ‘Albert Park Methodist Chapel’, which opened for worship in 1883 but in 1962 the chapel closed and was later converted into a mosque. It has an attendance of around 1,000 people.

 

The Didsbury Mosque in Manchester is a beautiful structure with the washing and ablutions area pictured. The mosque broadcasts radio coverage over most of South Manchester. It broadcasts prayers, Friday sermons, and talks and lectures given in the mosque prayer hall. The Manchester Islamic Centre is registered as a charity with the Charity Commission

Pictured is the Glasgow Central Mosque in the Gorbals, Glasgow. The Mosque was built in 1983 and cost around three million pounds. Retired businessman Muhammed Tufail Shaheen MBE, an active community leader and President of the Glasgow Central Mosque, was instrumental in its building. It was formally opened in 1984 by Abdullah Omar Nasseef, the Secretary General of the Muslim World League

The author of the book is architect Shahed Saleem, who designed the mosque pictured. Mr Saleem, 46, from East London, designed the Shahporan Masjid and Islamic Centre Trust which was completed in 2014. In a nod to the building's previous use as a lock-making factory in the early 20th century, he kept the engraving on its wall 'John Tann's Reliance Locks, Fire and Burglar Proof Safes'

Pictured is the Faizan E Madina Mosque in Millfield, Peterborough, not far from the City Centre. It is one of the largest mosques in Western Europe, with a capacity to accommodate approximately 3000 worshippers at any given time, over three floors. The mosque caters for a quarter of the city’s muslims and construction began on it in 2006

This stunning modern mosque is the Baitul Futuh Mosque in leafy Morden in Surrey. Built 15 years ago, it is one of the largest mosques in western Europe. It cost £15 million to build and can accommodate up to 6,000 worshippers. On September 26, 2015, a major fire broke out at the administrative side of the mosque complex, causing widespread damage. Reconstruction began in January 2017

The Madina Masjid is the first purpose-built mosque in Sheffield. After some problems with funding, the project was completed in October 2006. Users of the mosque raised several million pounds to pay for the new mosque and Islamic centre which includes 19 rooms and two large halls, a library and a day centre. The project is estimated to have cost £5 million

Nearly one million people per week visit mosques in Britain, with the northern town of Blackburn having a particularly significant proportion of mosques. The Masjid e Tauheedul Islam was established in the centre of Blackburn in the 1960s. It caters to the high number of muslims in Blackburn, who are thought to make up about 20% of the total population

Pictures is the interior of the Shah Jalaan Mosque in Manchester. In 1967, the Muslim community of Bangladeshi origin, then East Pakistan, living in Manchester and adjoining towns decided to establish the mosque. They wanted one of their own from donations and contributions from members of its own community

Pictured is the entrance to the Jamia mosque in Leicester. The mosquewas established in 1977 in the heart of the city. It offers a wide range of facilities and services for the Muslim community, ranging from educational facilities to marriage ceremonies and funeral arrangements. It underwent major construction work in 2010 to expand the place of worship

One of the most interesting designs is the Masjid-e-Shah Jalal in Leeds, built in 2004 on the end of a row of terraced houses. As the local Bangladeshi Muslim population grew, the house mosque could not accommodate the congregation and it was replaced with a purpose-built mosque at a cost of £800,000

The modern minaret of the Masjid-e-Shah Jalal. The mosque was built at a the time when the community was suffering from very high rates of unemployment and severe socio-economic deprivation. Despite all of these, the local people contributed generously and Bangladesh Islamic Society purchased a terraced house and created the mosque

Pictured is a worshipper at prayer in the Daral-Imaan Mosque in Bristol. Mr Saleem said: 'There are many interesting mosques that have not been included in this book, but it is intended that the selection offered is diverse enough to provide a sense of the scope and character of mosques in Britain, from the simple adapted house, to other converted buildings, to the landmark new mosque.'